How to make a basic standalone Arduino
About: When you are done with your arduino projects and are ready to make them more permanent you have to take your arduino off its programmer and build it on a breadboard or PCB. This makes the circuit more final and permanent. It is very simple to build the standalone arduino and it shouldn’t be intimidating at all. You just need a few basic parts that you might already have laying around. This tutorial will not include a serial connector so you will have to continue to burn new code to the arduino on the programmer and transfer the chip to your breadboard or PCB. You should always use a dip socket so you don’t solder your arduino to the PCB allowing you easy access to swap programs or chips.
Objective: To build a basic bone-dry standalone arduino on a breadboard or PCB.
- ATMega168/ATMega328 (Your Arduino Microcontroller)
- 16Mhz Oscillator Crystal
- 7805 Voltage Regulator (5V Voltage Regulator)
- 2x 22pF Capacitors
- 2x 10uF Capacitors
Instructions: Follow the schematic in the reference section. This will show you how to build a basic standalone arduino. Refer to the pin mapping diagram after you are done to connect your pins. Remember this won’t let you upload code to the arduino. You will have to continue to use your arduino programmer and place the chip in the circuit.